For many people today, science is like an incomprehensible and very complex subject. However, just as scientific issues affect our daily lives, science is also the only way for human beings to cope with their great difficulties. It is very difficult for those who are not directly involved in science to encounter science in an academic atmosphere such as a university or a conference For this reason, it is much more effective for a scientist to explain science during a conversation to people who are not directly involved in science in a public place.
Any subject that attracts the attention of the participants can be the subject of science cafes. The topic should raise broader community awareness about science, and the link to peoples’ lives and societal developments. There is no clear distinction between science and non- science but the epistemology of the knowledge can be scientific or nonscientific. Topics that are discussed controversially in the media may have aroused the interests of a larger group of people already. These topics can be important on a local, regional or national level and therefore may have a greater potential to create an emotional appeal to a larger audience.
For example Considering the needs of our project numbered 2020-1-TR01- KA204-093158 named ‘Science Café for Adults, the following topics have been determined for science café events.
* What is Cancer? Immune System (Chronicillmess, Healthy Molecules – foodsrisch in polyphenosect.)
* Covid-19 Vaccines
* Heart and dental health (Human Anatomy)
* Development / Digital Tools (Web 2.0)
* Climate Change RelatedTopics
* Biodiversity, pollunation etc.
* Human Pyschology (How to Care About My Own Pysche)
* Adopting Changing Circumstances and SocialRoles
* Familiarity with Variety of New Technologies
* Successful aging and mental well-being
* 3D Printing and its Applicationsin Economy
Invite appropriate experts: Ensure that your invited speakers are experts in the chosen topic and able to respond appropriately to questions from the public. They should be experts who communicate easily with people, have an open mind and love to talk to people. Invite an appropriate number of participants. Between 35 and 40 participants is a good number for your science café audience. In smaller groups, different perspectives may not be included or very few questions may be asked and the conversation does not progress. It can be difficult to answer questions from larger groups, so 35-40 adult participants are ideal.
Choose a place your target audience will enjoy. It can be a place where people can talk freely and enjoy talking. Experience has shown that coffee shops, bookstores, bars, botanic gardens, museums, zoos, community centres or even outdoor public venues and natural spaces provide perfect conditions to run science cafes.
The duration of science cafes, where experts and scientists will share their knowledge, may vary according to subject and participants. However, the duration of the science cafe should not be more than 1.5 hours, with the scientists listening to the speeches of the participants and answering their questions.
First, determine where and when your science café event will take place and decide who to invite.Then,promote your science café event :Use traditional (radio, newspapers, TV, etc.) and social media accounts of the project (EPALE,Twitter, Facebook, etc.) to promote your event.Start promoting your event early and maximize your activities in the final week before the science café takes place. Before starting the expert talk, do activities that will help participants relax, such as icebreakers. In addition to your expert, you will need someone to host the event – introducing speakers, informing the audience about timings, health and safety issues, etc. Additionally, you will need someone to facilitate the discussion. This may be the same person or two different people. For facilitation, choose a person who can adapt well to the participants as one can never predict exactly what will happen. The facilitator must pay attention to group dynamics and has to intervene if particular people start to dominate the conversation.
It is important to evaluate yourscience cafe. Do not forget to get a signature leaflet from the participants at your Science Cafe events! Pre-test and post-test your participants to evaluate the effects of science events on adults. Evaluate each science café, so you can learn what worked and what did not and apply lessonslearned to your next event.
“Bit-sized” learning or micro-learning is an e-learning model that moves to offer learners a more effective, goal-oriented learning environment.
It does not have to be in the classroom environment. It is a type of education designed for access on any device from a smartphone to a laptop or desktop. It is also very suitable for mobile and tablet devices. This allows for flexible learning.
A typical microlearning material is between two and five minutes in length. It is a short and fast learning method.
*Watching short instructional videos on youtube,
*Learning with flashcards (Apps presented with small cards with limited content such as new foreign language words, parts of human anatomy, countries, chemical elements, etc.)
*Learning by solving puzzles can be given as an example.
When learning content in micro-fragments is easily and quickly accessible, learners can take it at their own pace, anytime, anywhere, and most importantly, “when they’re ready.”
Learning in 3–7 minute intervals is well suited to working memory capacity and people’s attention spans.
Science cafes are very entertaining, educational and effective activities. But we did not want it to be limited to the participants in the application area. We prepared the contents of science cafes as micro-learning so that the content could reach more people.